Episode 126 Resources: Migrations – 55/57/65/75 North

In the season 7 premiere, we’ll detail the who, what, when, where, how, and why around why our ancestors left the deep south and migrated to cities like St. Louis, Gary, Indianapolis, Cincinnati, Detroit, Milwaukee, and more. 

Also, there are some articles and etc. attached. Be sure to read them.

Previous Episodes:

Background and Motivations

  • Locations
    • Missouri: St. Louis, East St. Louis
    • Illinois: Chicago, Danville
    • Indiana: Indianapolis, Gary
    • Michigan: Detroit
    • Ohio: Cleveland, Columbus
  • Timeline
    • 1915-1940 and 1940-1970
  • Opportunity
    • Jobs
    • To flee racial oppression
    • Opportunity to buy land and and westward expansion 
      • Laws prohibiting the ownership of land following the 13th Amendment
    • Religious and social organizations
  • The role of the military
    • World War I, World War II, Korean War, Vietnam
  • Reframing the perspective
    • Considering those who left versus those who stayed behind
    • Juxtaposition of location of residents versus location of their birth
  • Seminal Events
  • Map

The Experience

  • The experience in the Great Migration Location
    • Transference of the family homestead
      • One person sets up shop, others follow and stay with them, and then move to their own place; cyclical
      • Attending the same churches, working in the same jobs, burial in the same cemeteries; the C.R.E.W. (church, recreation, environment, work) replicated in the north 
    • The emergence of national Black news
      • Correspondence from the family homestead reported in major papers and vice versa
    • The emergence of Black culture as American pop culture
      • Music
      • Art
      • Sports
    • Vacations to the family homestead
      • Cultural exchange based on where you were living; city kids had to learn the country
    • Shift in the Definition of Blackness
      • Class shifts
      • Language shifts
      • The invention of Code Switching and respectability
    • The role of photography
      • Taking pictures when you “made it”
    • Class warfare
      • Collision of new immigrants and new emigrants
    • Racial oppression revisited
      • De Facto segregation in public services (schools, housing, etc.)
      • The emergence of urban planning (and lack thereof) and redlining
    • Continuing movement
      • People didn’t always stay in the first location they went to
    • Returning home upon death
  • The experience in the family homestead
    • Loss of membership in religious and social organizations
    • The creation of new organizations and systems
    • Ruling families, businesses, and structures gain more of a stronghold
    • Vacations to Great Migration locations
      • Cultural exchange based on where you were living; the country kids having to learn the city
    • The emergence of the Civil Rights Movement
      • Largely based on those who chose to stay and/or who were left behind

The Aftermath

Episode Resource Content:

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